Music therapy : Move in rhythm !

The use of music as therapy is called music therapy. There are 2 types : receptive and active. Receptive music therapy: Receptive music therapy is a method that invites the patient to listen to music. The objectives for this method, as for active music therapy, can be of very different orders depending on the population or the person: sensory development, relaxation, work around the imagination, emotions .. Active music therapy: “Active” music therapy includes all forms of musical and bodily expression, all instruments and all gestures aimed at self-expression. There is a stake of the patient. It is applicable in groups or in dual relationships. It is intended for patients experiencing difficulties in verbalization, communication. This method allows, for example, on the psychological level, to establish communication, where speech having no more place makes it difficult to express one’s ailments. On the psychomotor level, the practice of rhythmic instruments such as percussion can contribute to the rehabilitation of movement coordination. As a reminder, Parkinson’s disease has both motor repercussions: bradykinesia, slowness of movement (non-exhaustive list) as well as non-motor repercussions: mood disorders (non-exhaustive list). In the context of the rehabilitative management of Parkinson’s disease, music can therefore be particularly interesting on the two aspects mentioned above. Indeed, the pace imposed by the music allows patients to move in rhythm and therefore to fight against bradykinesia. In addition, rhythm is particularly interesting in Parkinson’s disease when it comes to fighting kinetic stop-off (or freezing), a situation where people are stuck and fail to move forward. Indeed, in this situation, one of the keys to “unlocking” may be to tell the person to clap his hands counting up to 3: “One, two, three!” Other ways exist to try to defuse this blockage. Music also plays a significant role in the fight against depression, a major non-motor symptom of Parkinson’s disease. Music therefore plays an essential role in the processes of neuroplasticity. It is also used in other neurological conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease. In addition, the physiotherapeutic management of Parkinson’s disease is long-term, so the use of music makes it possible to bring change and break the monotony that could settle in the sessions. It is for all these reasons that many scientific studies favor dance, and especially Argentine tango, in the context of Parkinson’s disease. A fun way to move in rhythm. Not to mention that it can be one more opportunity to carry out an activity with those around you.